What is it and why is it useful
If you’re an internet user – and you clearly are, from how you read this on the internet – you’ve probably used WebRTC before, but weren’t aware of it.
Also, you probably didn’t even know WebRTC Leakage Issues. Nevertheless, WebRTC is everywhere, answering the age-old question: “How do I have an online conference call?”
Although WebRTC isn’t entirely new, most people still don’t know about it. WebRTC stands for Web Real-Time Communication and represents a collection of open source interfaces and protocols for audio and video conferencing and data transfer over a peer-to-peer network.
There is no need to install any additional apps or plug-ins, as WebRTC works with most internet browsers. Developers don’t need to learn mind-boggling protocols to enable WebRTC, and users can start the meeting with just the press of a button.
This set of tools had a rough start, but is now becoming a ubiquitous means of communication on the Internet. The development of WebRTC started at Global IP Solutions (GIPS) in 1999 in Sweden. Google bought this company in 2011, and the W3C has continued to develop it. Nowadays, it is implemented in practically all browsers.
A collection of commands
WebRTC is a set of application programming interfaces (APIs), i.e. a set of tools preinstalled with a browser. WebRTC simplifies the process of building a video conferencing system by:
- Creating a secure connection between conference call users. This includes the transfer of user data through firewalls or NATs available on the network.
- Communicate between two terminals to standardize call capabilities and parameters, such as sending and receiving video in 720p resolution with the AV1 codec.
- Capture video and audio from cameras and microphones, as well as acoustic echo cancellation. AEC suppresses any echoes that may occur when users are not wearing headphones during a call.
- Compression, transfer and reconstruction of end points of audio and video, including the removal of audio glitches or image freeze issues.
This set of tools can also make it easier to share contact information during the call (eg email addresses, Twitter or Facebook IDs, etc.).
WebRTC brings some security-focused benefits, as it allows audio and video calls without third-party programs. Each time you install a different app or plug-in, it might get infected with malware. To avoid this, using WebRTC when you want to chat with someone online removes the need to install additional software.
Another security benefit is that browsers control microphone and camera access. You can easily block sites from activating them through any browser. You’ll either get a prompt on a site trying to turn on your mic or camera, or a notification when such a device comes online.
Finally, all data transferred via WebRTC is automatically encrypted. This means you won’t need additional encryption tools to secure sensitive information in most cases. If you want to be even safer, use this set of tools and a VPN will prevent most data leaks.
Superior coding and open development
WebRTC is on its way to being accepted everywhere online. All essential Internet browsers are already fully equipped with this set of tools. Chrome got it in 2012, followed quickly by Firefox and Opera. Microsoft Edge implemented WebRTC in 2015, while Apple introduced it to Safari in 2017.
As it is open source software, thousands of developers work to improve it, ensuring out-of-the-box interoperability. New programmers who want to implement WebRTC in their application only need to write a few lines of code – WebRTC developers have already taken care of the hard part.
Simple accessibility and untapped potential
Young Internet users expect all software to work immediately without prior configuration. Thanks to its protocols, WebRTC is already universally calibrated for live calls. Users only need to press the start button.
Developers are still discovering potential new uses for WebRTC. Some of them include the following:
- A low-cost telehealth solution for remote diagnosis and treatment
- A tool for online education, where students and teachers can video conferencing in real time
- A customer service solution that enables businesses to provide remote support to end users without additional software
- Produce professional video content with little more than a webcam and microphone
- Remote monitoring of equipment or construction sites in real time without the intervention of third parties
Overall, WebRTC’s universal calibration and security features make it a desirable tool for online communication. Stay tuned for updates on this exciting technology!
Mila Bera is editor-in-chief at Dataprot.net